This was a literature research conducted in January 2015. There was a total 113 papers identified, founded on selection gauges. A total of 14 original papers were contained within this review.
The Core Objective
This purpose of this review was to summarize the effects of krill oil and/or fish oil on EPA and DHA incorporation in plasma phospholipids (lipid that contains a phosphate group in its molecule) or membrane of the red blood cells (RBCs). Scientists also discussed their findings with regard to the probable various health effects, with the focus on:
- Biological functions of these two sources of PUFAs
- Cardiovascular disease risk
- Inflammatory markers
The scientists concluded that there does appear to be dissimilarity in bioavailability of DHA and EPA after the intake of Krill oil and fish oil. However, they also concurred that there needs to be more studies in this area before a firm deduction can be properly made. And with regards to krill oil, more human studies are necessary so that the beneficial health effects can be documented. This is also needed to help clarify whether any of these effects vary from those of regular fish oil supplementation.
Comparison of bioavailability of krill oil versus fish oil and health effect